Diabetic neuropathy is nerve damage. There are actually three types of diabetic neuropathy.
The first is peripheral neuropathy. Peripheral reduces capability to sense pain temperature, touch and vibration in distinct areas of your body, most likely in the lower parts of your legs and in your feet. Potential problems include ulcers or wounds that won't heal on your legs and feet, bone and joint defects and infection, including gangrene.
If you have had diabetes for an extended period of time it is likely that you will develop peripheral neuropathy as your sugar lowering diabetic medication does little to stop this or any other complication of diabetes.
Tingling, numbness, pins and needles feelings in your limbs will be one of the first symptoms of this form of neuropathy. If you have these symptoms, see your doctor immediately as peripheral neuropathy can lead to amputation of the extremities.
Autonomic neuropathy affects the involuntary workings of your body. These include breathing, heartbeat, sweating, digestion, urination and sexual functions.
Consequences of autonomic neuropathy may include blindness, severe digestion problems, including diarrhea, bloating and abdominal pain. You may also be ill with sexual problems, dizziness, weakness and urinary incontinence and loss of bowel control.
If these are your issues then there may be damage to the nerves that control those tasks and you must see a doctor immediately. Autonomic neuropathy is also very common.
Focal neuropathy affects a single nerve. Usually it is in the foot, thigh or wrist. The single nerve may also affect your eyesight if it is one of the nerves that control eyesight.
What causes diabetic neuropathy?
There are several theories. As a diabetic, you urinate frequently as your body tries to rid itself of the excess sugar in the blood, but it also eliminates large amounts of nutrients and vitamins, including Vitamin B 12. This vitamin is vital to maintain the health of the nerves of your nervous system. Shortages of B12 can lead to neuropathy.
Diabetes drugs themselves, especially Metformin, have been implicated in nerve damage.
These are all consequences of being diabetic. The real cause of diabetes is not sugar, it is too much acid in the blood, (low blood Ph) If the body cannot rid itself of the excess acid in the blood, the acid damages the organs of the body, such as the pancreas , the producer of insulin as well as the insulin receptors on the cells. When these receptors are damaged, the cells of the body do not allow sugar from the blood stream to enter and the person is said to have diabetes.
Another defense the body uses against excess acidity is to store it in fat tissue, adding to your weight. This is more than just a cosmetic issue. Fatty acids secreted by fat tissue or converted from glucose in the liver can also damage the nervous system.
Free radicals are also a by product of fat tissue issuing signals to the immune system.
Free radicals are dangerous, damaged molecules resulting from certain chemical reactions in the body and in the surrounding environment that damage normal molecules, including the insulin receptors of normal cells, making the cells insulin resistant.
How does the body become over acidic?
The Standard American Diet of tons of refined carbohydrates; sugars, (yes, including high fructose corn syrup!), meat, fish and dairy, is extraordinarily acidic. Beverages such as alcohol, sodas and even bottled water are also acidic, with soda being the most acidic beverage you can drink.
Overtime, the body's own anti acid mechanisms are overwhelmed. Acidosis, as the condition of excess acidity is called, is the basis of most illnesses and malfunctions of the body's systems, including the sugar metabolizing system, which gives rise to the disease called diabetes.
As Hippocrates said, "Let your food be your medicine and your medicine be your food!"
Just as food caused the problem, food and drink, actually nutrition is the cure.
Eating a diet of 70-80% vegetables and fruits, which are mainly alkaline; along with drinking alkaline water, helps rid the body of the excess acid. Once that happens, the body's natural defenses are enough to defeat diabetic neuropathy and most other chronic diseases!