Diabetes is a silent killer. Even in America where there is an unlimited medical access, about 16 million people are diabetics without knowing it. This is because the symptoms of diabetics may not appear until the sugar level is substantially high, greater than 15mmo1/L.
Of course, less should not be expected in places like Africa, where even overt symptoms of the disease are misinterpreted as evil spell. The good news is that you now have the opportunity to know what your socio-cultural, perhaps, academic background may have denied you. You can know if you have diabetes through the following signs and symptoms:
Diabetes Signs and symptoms 1: If you wake up more frequently than it use to be to urinate at night; that is polyuria, you should suspect traces of diabetes in you.
Diabetes Signs and symptoms 2: If you always feel thirsty and eager to drink water more frequently than before; that is polydipsia.
Diabetes Signs and symptoms 3: If you notice you feel hungry and desire to eat more frequently than before; polyphgia.
Diabetes Sign and symptoms 4: If you notice in addition to the above signs and symptoms of diabetes, that you are losing weight, you may do well to have your health checked for traces of diabetes.
Furthermore, according to the 1997 reviewed diagnostic criteria, you can be said to be diabetic;
1. If your random blood sugar is >200mg/dl or >11.1mmol/L. This implies that if your blood sugar level rises above the quoted figures at any particular time of the day after you have taken a breakfast, it is most likely you have diabetes.
2. If your fasting blood sugar is >126mg/dl or > 7mmol/L after at least 8 hours of no food intake.
3. If your blood sugar test is >200mg/dl or >11.1 mmol/L, two hours after you are given 75mg of glucose to drink.
Any of these results, if confirmed twice shows that the bearer has diabetes. However, the good news is that diabetes can be prevented or delayed with good understanding of the disease and avoidance of some habits that could trigger its full manifestation.